Luebbert, Gregory M. Liberalism, Fascism, or Social Democracy. (Oxford University Press, 1991)

 

 

 

liberalism fascism or social democracy.jpg

 

 

 

□ 목차

 

1. Introduction

 

Ⅰ. The Origins

 

2. Ties That Would Divide: Liberal--Labor Alliances in Britain, France, and Switzerland before the War

Britain

France

Weakness of the Labor Movement in Britain and France

Switzerland

Epilogue

 

3. Cleavage Structures and the Failure of Liberal Movements in Late Nineteenth-Century Europe

Liberal Weakness: A Survey

Some Explanations of Liberal Weakness

Cleavage Structures and the Failure of Liberal Movements

Modernization, Cleavages, and Political Struggles

Where Backwardness Mattered

Epilogue

 

4. The Break with Liberalism and the Formation of Working-Class Movements

Abortive Lib--Labism and the Rise of Working-Class Movements

Germany

Norway

Sweden

Denmark

Belgium and the Netherlands

Italy

Spain

Imperialism, Nationalism, and Class Integration

A Note on Leadership and Choice

Epilogue

 

5. The Organization of Workers: Liberal and Aliberal Societies Compared

Parties

Trade Unions: Membership and Organizational Coherence

A Note on Industrial Concentration

A Note on the Role of the State

Epilogue: Toward the Great War

 

Ⅱ. The Outcomes

 

6. War, Crisis, and the Stabilization of the Liberal Order

Postwar Crises and Liberal Responses

The Defeat of the Working-Class Movement

Stabilization of the Liberal Order

Epilogue

 

7. Narrowing the Aliberal Outcomes: Liberalism's Final Failure and the Irrelevance of Traditional Dictatorship

Neither Liberalism Nor Lib--Labism

Politics against Markets

Irrelevance of Traditional Dictatorship

 

8. Social Democracy and Fascism

Social Democracy: The Scandinavian Solution

Fascism: The Solution of Germany, Italy, and Spain

Family Peasantry: A Pivotal Force

Red-Green Alliance and Social Democratic Hegemony

Rural Class Conflicts and Fascist Hegemony

Epilogue

 

9. Conclusion: Class Alliances and Transition to Mass Politics

A Structuralist Argument

Structuralism and Other Arguments Compared

Drawing Lessons from Europe

 

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

 

 

 

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